When Is the Best Time to Plant Trees, Shrubs and Perennials?

Fall is the perfect time to plant trees, shrubs and perennials! Here are several reasons why...

Cooler Temperatures

The temperatures at this time of year are ideal. Planting trees and shrubs in the middle of the summer is typically not the best time because you run the risk of your plant material experiencing heat stress. The summer heat causes plants to dry out in more ways than one. So plant when the summer heat has had a chance to died down! Cooler temperatures also means that you won't have to suffer through planting in the scorching heat.

Soft Soil

Coming out of the summer months, the ground is warm and much softer than frozen, spring soil. If the ground is soft for planting, this makes it easier for the plant to establish itself, as the roots don't have to work as hard to make their way through rock-solid soil. Soft soil also lessens your planting labor, as it will be easier to dig into the earth!

Low Transpiration

Apart from needing more water due to evaporation, plants also experience transpiration. Transpiration is essentially how trees sweat through their leaves. Trees release vapor through their leaves to cool down when it’s hot, and even though you can't see it, trees lose a lot of moisture this way! This can easily cause unnecessary stress to a newly planted tree or shrub, and it will also cause your plant to require a lot more water, which can prove to be costly.

Root Growth is Encouraged

Planting this time of year promotes well established plant material. Root growth is encouraged when air temperatures are cooler than the soil temperature. Trees and shrubs won’t establish much new top growth in the fall and can have time to establish healthy, deep roots. This sets them up to be stronger plants in the spring. It’s a good idea to plant trees and shrubs from now until before Halloween because roots need to grow for about 30 days before the soil temperature drops below 40 degrees. So now is the time to get planting!

Always keep an eye on the weather and be sure to know the specific needs of your plants. And if you ever have any questions, don't hesitate to reach out! We are always happy to help with anything plant related and will always do anything we can to help you care for your plants well!

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